“The people of Texas are informed that in accordance with a Proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free.”

—General Order Number 3

In 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation went into effect, but its regulation in Texas met apathetic enforcement. It wasn’t until General Lee’s surrender in 1865, and Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger’s military occupation in Galveston on June 19, that slavery officially ended in the U.S.

Juneteenth became an annual celebration, led by freedmen in Texas, and first began receiving federal recognition in the late 1970s. Today, it’s an officially recognized holiday in 47 states. Lectures and exhibitions on African American culture and heritage are common. “Celebrations are commonly accompanied by voter registration efforts, the performing of plays, and retelling stories.”

As we celebrate and uplift the black community, you can remember Juneteenth in these ways:

How are you remembering Juneteenth? Let us know below. Interested in more great content? Follow UNG Press on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram and find our complete catalog on our homepage.

About Jillian Murphy

Jillian Murphy served as the Assistant Managing Editor of the UNG Press from 2017 to 2021. She is a writer and editor who specializes in kid lit, copyediting, and lame puns. Murphy is a UNG alumna, class of 2016.

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